He even charged clergy to carry out duties which he could not fulfil, in a gross example of non-residence. Revenue through the operation of the judicial system.
In this action, Henry can be seen to have depended somewhat on Wolsey, as he was essential to Henry in maintaining some degree of control over the church in England. So this would have made a lot of money to add to the kings income from the financial burdens. Henry made the most of this by doing a number of things.
Wolsey had emerged as a competent organiser during the French campaign, and also organised the peace with France inproving himself to Henry as effective in diplomacy as well. Theses were levied on wool, leather, cloth and wine. The important question is that when serving the Pope in England, would he be acting for himself and the Pope or his master, the King?
InPope Leo X was expressing some concern as to the advance of the Ottoman Empire into Europe, and sent cardinals around Europe to organise a unification of Christendom against them. He derived a huge income from all of the above while maintaining power, placing him in a unique position, and freeing him up to serve the King in other ways.
This has fundamental implications for reassessing his relationship with Henry. His lack of interest in day-to-day administrative affairs left a void to be filled, so the arrival in the his service of someone who not only excelled in the field, but was willing to serve his every need seems to have been the main reason for the King to keep Wolsey.
As monarch, Henry was head of the judicial system and was therefore entitled to its profits. As feudal overlord Henry could demand money from his subjects for special occasions e.
The system was also successful as it was an effective balance of power between the JPs and the Crown, resolving the issue of the centralisation of power by establishing an operative local and regional government.
It was effective in the way it was quite successful as Henry had only asked modest amounts of money from his subjects and had always repaid back, probably to lessen the risk of rebellion of some sort.
So much so, that after his death in the Council was abolished and key Councillors imprisoned and tried for treason. Henry also wanted to leave his successor a full treasury to ensure that he would have the means to fight for his succession if necessary.
The question we need to ask is how much of this was done for the King, and how much did Wolsey do of his own accord, as arguments can be established for either opinion. Henry was eager to exact fines rather then imprisonment or execution to increase his incomes.
Method of punishment whereby the profits from the attained persons lands go to the crown. As Lord Chancellor, Wolsey was effectively head of the legal system.
Wolsey became a contriver of many policies of reform in the legal system, notably with his personal service in the Court of Chancery, increasing the administering of law of equity as opposed to common law, and with his revision of the role of Star Chamber inso that it would dispense justice and oversee fairness in the legal system.
Wolsey had been struggling to eliminate those who may have influenced the King. Nevertheless, Wolsey knelt to Henry to assure him that his power was totally unthreatened by the church. Henry did the same and followed what Edward IV did. In reality, everyone in the kingdom was a servant to the King, and many people wanted to serve him more to gain more influence.
The king could rely on loans from his richer subjects in times of emergency by request, and was almost virtually impossible to decline. The Council acted as both investigators and judges against noblemen they suspected of not paying their proper dues to the King and imposed harsher penalties than lawful in many cases.
As Henry was not the first son of his father Henry VII, he had not received the same royal training that his older brother Arthur had done, thus he had never really developed an interest in royal domestic affairs.
The resultant Treaty Of London was signed in Octoberand served as a great achievement for Wolsey. Henry clearly trusted Wolsey sufficiently to trust his advice in this are, indicating that he held more importance than that of just a servant. If they failed in this, they lost the money associated with their bond.
As a result, Henry VII had to use extraordinary revenue methods made up of parliamentary grants, loans and benevolences, clerical taxes, feudal obligations and the Church.
Edward IV increased his income by increasing trade and cutting down on embezzlement at all levels. To Henry, Wolsey was to act as a scapegoat in situations where things went wrong. It was received, by the king requesting for the parliamentary consent.
There were a lot of attainders e. His jealousy of his French rival, Francis I meant that he would be seeking alliances against his traditional opponent. Also, the work he carried out in Star Chamber was demanded of him by Henry. Extraordinary revenue was money which came to the crow on particular occasions and therefore with no regularity.
At his death inHenry was solvent but he was not the wealthiest man in his kingdom. As a result, the number of retainers fell throughout his reign.Below is an essay on "How Successful Was Henry Vii" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
Introduction How successful was Henry VII in strengthening his authority as King in the years to Between andHenry VII put the Crown on a more stable financial basis but the challenge of putting the king of England at the head of England’s list of richest men was almost certainly too great a challenge even for a man of Henry’s energy.
Another incredibly effective manner in which Henry asserted his authority was through the Crown lands, through attainders and other royal prerogatives he would seize land himself.
was Henry VII’s control over the nobility in the years to due to his there were also limitations to this success.
This essay will evaluate Henry. We will write a custom essay sample on How satisfactory is this view of Wolsey’s position as Henry VIII’s Minister specifically for you Success of Henry VII in strengthening the financial position of the Crown ; Henry VIII – Success or Failure?
Years Henry Viii. Change or Continuity?When students of Henry VIII's reign are asked if Cromwell implemented a revolution in Tudor government students are often tempted to answer that this revolution was started by Henry VII.
he tried to increase the amount of crown lands. Financial administration was reorganised so that all crown revenue went to the chamber.
Henry VIII Essay Henry VIII was born on June 28thbut in doing so he laid the foundation for England’s strength and self reliance. Henry started a new denomination, which separated England from Europe ideologically and politically.
This isolation forced England to defend herself with no allies and no protection from Rome.Download